Working with doctors Working for patients

Outcomes 1 - the doctor as scholar and scientist

  1. 8. The graduate will be able to apply to medical practice biomedical scientific principles, method and knowledge relating to: anatomy, biochemistry, cell biology, genetics, immunology, microbiology, molecular biology, nutrition, pathology, pharmacology and physiology. The graduate will be able to:

    1. a. Explain normal human structure and functions.
    2. b. Explain the scientific bases for common disease presentations.
    3. c. Justify the selection of appropriate investigations for common clinical cases.
    4. d. Explain the fundamental principles underlying such investigative techniques.
    5. e. Select appropriate forms of management for common diseases, and ways of preventing common diseases, and explain their modes of action and their risks from first principles.
    6. f. Demonstrate knowledge of drug actions: therapeutics and pharmacokinetics; drug side effects and interactions, including for multiple treatments, long-term conditions and non-prescribed medication; and also including effects on the population, such as the spread of antibiotic resistance.
    7. g. Make accurate observations of clinical phenomena and appropriate critical analysis of clinical data.
  1. 9. Apply psychological principles, method and knowledge to medical practice.

    1. a. Explain normal human behaviour at an individual level.
    2. b. Discuss psychological concepts of health, illness and disease.
    3. c. Apply theoretical frameworks of psychology to explain the varied responses of individuals, groups and societies to disease.
    4. d. Explain psychological factors that contribute to illness, the course of the disease and the success of treatment.
    5. e. Discuss psychological aspects of behavioural change and treatment compliance.
    6. f. Discuss adaptation to major life changes, such as bereavement. Compare and contrast the abnormal adjustments that might occur in these situations.
    7. g. Identify appropriate strategies for managing patients with dependence issues and other demonstrations of self-harm.
  1. 10. Apply social science principles, method and knowledge to medical practice.

    1. a. Explain normal human behaviour at a societal level.
    2. b. Discuss sociological concepts of health, illness and disease.
    3. c. Apply theoretical frameworks of sociology to explain the varied responses of individuals, groups and societies to disease.
    4. d. Explain sociological factors that contribute to illness, the course of the disease and the success of treatment including issues relating to health inequalities, the links between occupation and health and the effects of poverty and affluence.
    5. e. Discuss sociological aspects of behavioural change and treatment compliance.
  1. 11. Apply to medical practice the principles, method and knowledge of population health and the improvement of health and health care.

    1. a. Discuss basic principles of health improvement, including the wider determinants of health, health inequalities, health risks and disease surveillance.
    2. b. Assess how health behaviours and outcomes are affected by the diversity of the patient population.
    3. c. Describe measurement methods relevant to the improvement of clinical effectiveness and care.
    4. d. Discuss the principles underlying the development of health and health service policy, including issues relating to health economics and equity, and clinical guidelines.
    5. e. Explain and apply the basic principles of communicable disease control in hospital and community settings.
    6. f. Evaluate and apply epidemiological data in managing healthcare for the individual and the community.
    7. g. Recognise the role of environmental and occupational hazards in ill-health and discuss ways to mitigate their effects.
    8. h. Discuss the role of nutrition in health.
    9. i. Discuss the principles and application of primary, secondary and tertiary prevention of disease.
    10. j. Discuss from a global perspective the determinants of health and disease and variations in health care delivery and medical practice.
  1. 12. Apply scientific method and approaches to medical research.

    1. a. Critically appraise the results of relevant diagnostic, prognostic and treatment trials and other qualitative and quantitative studies as reported in the medical and scientific literature.
    2. b. Formulate simple relevant research questions in biomedical science, psychosocial science or population science, and design appropriate studies or experiments to address the questions.
    3. c. Apply findings from the literature to answer questions raised by specific clinical problems.
    4. d. Understand the ethical and governance issues involved in medical research.